Olympic facts and trivia: St Louis 1904 and London 1908

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Olympic information and trivia: St Louis 1904 and London 1908

Olympic information and trivia: St Louis 1904 and London 1908: With the Tokyo Olympics approaching, right here’s a have a look at some fascinating information and trivia concerning the Video games from its earlier editions. Listed here are some highlights and enjoyable information from the Olympics Video games held in 1904 and 1908.

1904, St. Louis, USA

– The 1904 Video games have been the primary worldwide Olympics held exterior of Europe.
– The present three medal format was launched at in these Video games, the primary handy out gold medals.
– Sports activities like boxing, dumbbells, freestyle wrestling and the decathlon made their debuts.
– American gymnast George Eyser, who misplaced his left leg as a youth after it was run over by a practice, took half with a prosthetic leg.
Regardless of his incapacity, he gained six medals, together with three golds.

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Because of the issue of attending to St. Louis in 1904, and European tensions brought on by the Russo-Japanese Warfare, Individuals accounted for 523 of the 630 complete athletes, and greater than half of the occasions have been contested solely by homegrown
opponents.

– USA gained a complete of 239 medals — the most important ever haul in a single Olympics.

– The swimming occasions came about in a synthetic lake on the fairgrounds.

– The marathon observe was a dust highway, which runners slogged down in intense warmth, kicking up mud as they went and there was just one water station.

– It was the primary 12 months South Africa competed within the Video games. Two of their eight athletes have been runners Len Tau and Jan Mashiani.The previous was chased a mile astray by canines in the course of the race.

1908, London Olympics
– Initially scheduled to be held in Rome, the Video games have been relocated to London on monetary grounds following the violent eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 1906 which precipitated widespread devastation to the town of Naples.

– The Video games spanned 188 days. Though the formal opening ceremonies weren’t till July 13, the 1908 Video games opened on

April 27 with the racquets competitors and ended October 31 with the sphere hockey ultimate.
– For the primary time ever, a stadium was constructed particularly for the Olympics. The White Metropolis Stadium turned the centrepiece of the Video games and featured not solely a operating observe but in addition a swimming pool, biking oval and platforms for wrestling and
gymnastics.

– It was additionally the primary time that Olympic swimming occasions weren’t held in open water, permitting followers packed into the 66,000- capability stadium the prospect to cheer on their favorite swimmers like by no means earlier than. For diving, there was a particular folding
tower.

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– Athletes paraded behind their nationwide flags through the opening ceremony for the primary time through the London Video games. It was attended by King Edward VII on July 13, 1908.

– The marathon was prolonged by 195 metres in order that the race may begin below the window of the nursery at Windsor Fortress and end in entrance of the stadium’s royal field. This new distance of 42.195km would finally change into the official distance from
the 1924 Video games onwards.

– John Taylor turned the primary black Olympic gold-medallist. He was a part of the gold-winning 4×400-metre USA crew.

– The boys’s single-shot 100-metre operating deer competitors was launched within the 1908 Video games. The occasion consisted of a deershaped goal that made 10 75-feet runs. Relying on the code of the occasion, shooters took one or two photographs on the goal
throughout every run.

– The athletics occasions included for the primary time, a relay, referred to as “the Olympic relay”. The athletes ran 200m, 200m, 400m and 800m.

– Australia and New Zealand have been represented by a single delegation, below the identify of Australasia.

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