“Because the vaccines proceed to roll out, hopefully the positivity price shall be taking place within the coming months,” Mara advised reporters final week.
In an announcement, Miller of the N.F.L. stated the league would, because it did final 12 months, observe the suggestions of native, county, state and federal public well being officers, together with the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention, and “proceed to uphold with the recommendation and partnership of medical and public well being specialists as we glance to the 2021 season.”
Attempting to determine definitive causal hyperlinks between a single occasion and a change in an infection charges throughout a big metropolitan space is sophisticated. The authors of The Lancet examine concede that their analysis solely exhibits that two occasions — video games with followers and rising constructive Covid-19 charges — coincided. Different occasions like political rallies, the reopening of faculties or vacation journey might have contributed to a rise in infections, particularly in states the place preventive measures just like the sporting of masks had been much less broadly adopted. Infections might have additionally elevated as a result of followers watched video games with their mates in residing rooms or at bars, gatherings that had been past the N.F.L.’s management.
“The power of those research is they’re exhibiting one thing, however the correlations can solely level out the probabilities, not the causation,” stated Bruce Y. Lee, the chief director of Public Well being Informatics Computational and Operations Analysis at Metropolis College of New York Faculty of Public Well being. “It’s not only a soccer recreation and folks go house. There are all these related actions across the recreation.”
To ascertain that N.F.L. video games induced the unfold of the virus, researchers would wish contact tracing knowledge on followers who attended video games after which examined constructive. That info is scarce, although, since many native well being departments used their assets to coach the general public on preventive measures and enhance coronavirus testing. In Duval County, Fla., well being officers stated they didn’t examine whether or not followers who attended Jacksonville Jaguars video games had been contaminated or whether or not the group’s house video games elevated the unfold of the virus.
Partly as a result of not everybody cooperated with contact tracers’ requests, even individuals who attended N.F.L. video games and examined constructive had problem figuring out whether or not they received contaminated earlier than, throughout or after the video games.
Eight residents who examined constructive for the virus advised contact tracers that that they had not too long ago attended Cowboys house video games, well being officers in Tarrant County, Texas, stated in November.