The agony of the feet: Why turf toe is such a dreaded injury in the NFL


SEATED ON A cart, headed again to the Carolina locker room, a teary-eyed Donte Jackson rehearses what he desires to say to his massive toe. Two weeks earlier, in Week 3 of the 2020 season, whereas leaping to defend a deep ball towards the Chargers, the Panthers cornerback suffered one of the vital dreaded and debilitating accidents within the NFL: turf toe. Now, being carted off the sector towards Atlanta in Week 5, one take a look at Jackson’s face, trapped in an limitless loop of ache, aggravation and soul looking out, tells you all it is advisable know concerning the particular form of distress this nasty damage with the foolish title inflicts.

“This factor, it has a thoughts of its personal, it performs methods on you,” stated Jackson, who’s now totally recovered and is the second-leading tackler on the Panthers’ No. 2-ranked protection. “You achieve this a lot work to get again and it is simply, How’s the toe? How’s the toe? … It has you pondering you are good to go, and one soar, one false transfer, one push out of a break and also you’re again to sq. one, beginning the entire thing again over.”

For 14 days, Jackson rehabbed across the clock. He experimented with totally different tape jobs, icing strategies, {custom} insoles and cleats, all so he’d be able to face the Panthers’ divisional rivals. Every thing felt nice all week. Heat-ups went completely. And after kickoff, feeling like he had survived one of many NFL’s worst rites of passage and was lastly again to his 4.3 self, Jackson allowed himself to exhale.

After which, whereas he made a easy diagonal lower on the primary defensive snap of the sport — arrgghhh — the turf toe was again with a vengeance. Jackson held it collectively as finest he might till he reached the locker room after which he broke down and sobbed. He caught himself cursing, pleading after which apologizing to his massive toe.

It is a mea culpa that, within the NFL, at the very least, is lengthy overdue.

“You by no means actually take into consideration your massive toe or how necessary that factor is,” Jackson stated, “till you’ll be able to’t use it.”


JUST AS IT did with Tremendous Bowl LV and Patrick Mahomes, the whole 2021 NFL season will seemingly be decided by a bone no larger than a pea and an damage most individuals nonetheless mistake for a fungus.

In January’s divisional playoffs, after the Chiefs’ second landing drive towards the Cleveland Browns, Mahomes was seen hobbling to the coach’s tent, grimacing and grabbing at his left massive toe. It was the telltale signal of turf toe, the excruciating, maddening illness that afflicts as much as 50 pace and ability gamers annually, in accordance with famend specialist Dr. Robert Anderson, and has ended the careers of the quickest and hardest gamers in NFL historical past. That is not a generalization. Take a gander at HOFer Deion Sanders’ mangled left massive toe someday (however positively not earlier than a meal) or learn the 1985 headline from the early retirement of the Metal Curtain’s legendary, toothless HOF linebacker Jack Lambert: “Toe Ends Lambert’s 11-year Reign as Steelers LB.”

“I took care of a man just a few years in the past and the headline was Massive Toe, Massive Drawback? and the message was, why is an enormous, robust soccer participant out with a toe damage?” says Anderson, who has handled almost 500 NFL gamers, together with Mahomes, for toe, foot and ankle issues since opening a state-of-the-art facility in 2017 in Inexperienced Bay, Wisconsin. “Attractive is the incorrect time period, however gamers say ‘Oh, my ACL ruptured,’ and then you definitely hear somebody speaking about their massive toe and individuals are like, uh, that is it?

“Individuals nonetheless consider turf toe as only a sprain of the large toe. When, what we have discovered through the years is that individuals ought to actually consider this as similar to some other ligament damage within the physique.”

The Chiefs actually will.

In a telling flip of occasions from final yr’s playoffs, Mahomes was pressured out of that Browns sport within the third quarter with a concussion. But whereas his mind was deemed sufficiently healed for him to beat the Buffalo Payments within the following week’s AFC Championship Recreation, the nagging turf toe damage truly worsened, the ache solely intensifying throughout the Tremendous Bowl.

Former Professional Bowl tight finish Jordan Reed, who suffered from turf toe in each ft (amongst different accidents) earlier than retiring in April, in contrast the fixed, crippling ache to a toothache on the underside of the foot. However he says the psychological anguish and fatigue are far worse than the ache.

“Each time you step — similar to with a foul toothache once you contact it, or eat one thing that irritates it — it sends that shock of ache via your complete physique,” says Jordan, who performed six seasons with Washington. “Mentally, this damage actually impacts guys as a result of it limits who they’re. The ache you’ll be able to take care of, however the truth that I wasn’t the identical athlete anymore and I might by no means be the identical athlete anymore, that was actually, actually arduous for me. That is how necessary the large toe is. It can make you numerous much less fast and explosive and it’ll change your life as an athlete, and that is what it did to me.”

The damage is so pervasive that earlier than the second week of 2021 coaching camp had even come to a detailed, Anderson had already seen his first turf toe sufferer, Tennessee’s Tommy Hudson. The primary-year tight finish recovered in time to play in Week 2, partly, as a result of the Titans group takes turf toe severely after watching what it did to the late former MVP quarterback Steve McNair, a participant famend for his ache threshold who suffered via two seasons of turf toe agony earlier than giving in to surgical procedure. (McNair truly ready for Tremendous Bowl XXXIV whereas hobbling via apply in a protecting boot.)

Already in 2021, dangerous toes have hampered Lions Professional Bowl middle Frank Ragnow, Raiders operating again Josh Jacobs and Bucs wideout Scotty Miller. Previously few years, turf toe has derailed star gamers similar to A.J. Inexperienced, Julio Jones and Davante Adams, in addition to operating backs James Conner, Phillip Lindsay and Antonio Gibson. In 2020, rookie Gibson, who led Washington in speeding, tore up his toe in December towards the Steelers. Within the two video games earlier than turf toe, Gibson piled up 209 yards and 4 TDs. Within the two video games after? He ran for 136 yards and nil TDs. Though Gibson referred to the damage as “one thing small,” coach Ron Rivera understood simply what an enormous deal it was. “It’s regarding,” Rivera stated. “It is sophisticated for a operating again as a result of he is received to plant, lower, flip. The massive toe — that is the place his energy and power that he runs with comes up.”

Inside NFL locker rooms, Gibson is taken into account fortunate as a result of he needed to endure the distress of turf toe for less than the ultimate month of the season. Final yr, the Giants’ Sterling Shepard jammed his toe in Week 2, and the turf toe lingered for the subsequent three and a half excruciating months. “I did not know a lot about [turf toe] in any respect,” Shepard stated on the time. “Anyone who has had it’s going to let you know it is nothing to play [around] with. If you do not have your massive toe, particularly for a ability place man, it is arduous to get your job executed in any manner, form or kind. It is one of many extra irritating accidents I’ve had.”

It was for Mahomes as effectively. Even after weeks of therapy and a custom-made carbon-fiber orthotic in his left cleat to restrict the extension of his well-known phalanx, turf toe nonetheless rendered even a $450 million generational expertise like Mahomes a mere shell of himself in an unsightly 31-9 blowout loss to the Bucs in Tremendous Bowl LV. Now, granted, the Bucs’ protection and the Chiefs’ decimated offensive line had so much to do with it, however Mahomes (0 TDs, 2 INTs, 3 sacks and a 52.3 passer ranking) was unable to maneuver as successfully towards the frenzy or drive the ball along with his regular velocity and wizardry, largely due to that troublesome toe that was much more broken (and painful) than anybody actually understood.


WHILE IT’S CAUSED by a hyperextension of the large toe, the damage itself has little or no to do with the toe. We simply name it turf toe as a result of dorsiflexion hyperextension to the hallux metatarsophalangeal joint, particularly the flexor hallucis longus tendon and the sesamoid complicated, leading to a plantar capsuloligamentous sprain is an extended phrase to kind. What all that terminology means is principally a pressure of the sesamoid complicated of bones, tendons and ligaments beneath the large toe’s massive knuckle joint, or the ball of the foot. (These career-and-Tremendous Bowl-changing sesamoid bones are so small they’re named after the sesame seed.) And like all tendon and ligament accidents, turf toe is assessed into grades of severity, with 1 being a light pressure that can heal after three to 4 weeks of relaxation and rehab, and three being a complete rupture of the joint that requires surgical restore earlier than it turns into arthritic with the onset of hallux rigidus, which is career-threatening, or, in Deion’s case, a lot, a lot worse. Sanders says his deformed digit stored him out of “Dancing with the Stars.”

Mahomes might have magnanimously insisted for weeks that the toe wasn’t a problem, however mere days after the Tremendous Bowl he flew to Inexperienced Bay for surgical procedure by Dr. Anderson. He has since made a full restoration however not earlier than giving us the clearest, most dramatic proof but that, after 40 years, perhaps it is time to begin taking turf toe severely.

Though it might happen on any floor, the onset of turf toe coincided with the appearance of AstroTurf within the Seventies, although it took the NFL a decade or two to know what was taking place. In 1994, Anderson carried out one of many first surgical repairs of the tendon that controls the large toe, on Packers All-Professional tight finish Sterling Sharpe. When a participant like Sharpe or Mahomes accelerates, cuts or stops, particularly in an explosive method, they load greater than eight occasions their physique weight (1,840 kilos for Mahomes) onto that one massive toe. When the toe catches within the turf and does not proceed beneath and out in a traditional operating movement, and all that drive and kinetic power causes the phalanx joint to transcend 70 to 80 levels of dorsiflexion (toe pushing again towards the highest of the foot), the complicated biomechanics of this one tiny joint start to fail spectacularly.

Connecting from the arch of the foot to the phalanx joint, there are three flexor tendons which can be accountable for creating the stress and spring of the large toe. The medial (inside) flexor tendon encases the medial sesamoid bone and the lateral (outdoors) flexor tendon encases the lateral sesamoid bone. After we consult with the “ball” of your ft, we’re speaking concerning the sesamoids. These tiny pea-sized bones articulate, or, glide, alongside the underside of the toe joint, performing as a form of pad and lever to create extra environment friendly motion. The 2 minor tendons and the sesamoid bones additionally present stability to the joint by holding the bigger, all-important flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon in correct alignment.

The FHL is the biggie. It runs between the 2 sesamoids and goes all the best way out to the tip of the large toe and is the ultimate hyperlink in a kinetic chain that creates and directs all of a sprinter or soccer participant’s energy and explosiveness. When an athlete strains their flexor tendons or the sesamoids, the FHL is pressured to work additional time offering stability to the joint and pressure to the toe till it, too, provides out. With diminished tautness in all three tendons (and, to not point out, excessive irritation) the large toe is basically flapping within the wind, and with nothing to push off with, the participant cannot lower or plant their foot or transfer in any form of decisive method.

“It is like having a windshield wiper going a technique and never coming again,” Anderson says. Or, consider it this manner: Attempting to scramble, or plant and throw with turf toe within the Tremendous Bowl was like Mahomes attempting to throw a three-finger deep bomb, with out the usage of his index finger.

As a result of the damage occurred close to the top of the season, Mahomes was at the very least capable of keep away from among the myriad residual points related to turf toe that make it such a dreaded affliction. For starters, that quantity of trauma in such a small, confined area leaves nowhere for the swelling to go, which causes a number of intense discomfort. The ache from turf toe is usually far too acute for the painkiller Toradol to be of any assist, and untreatable with pregame, focused Marcaine pictures for worry of numbing the whole foot.

Greater than something, this is the reason NFL gamers worry and detest turf toe a lot they do not even prefer to tempt destiny by speaking about it. Mahomes politely handed when the subject was introduced up. Texans operating again Phillip Lindsay scheduled and canceled three interviews on this matter. Even Deion appeared to reject the request earlier than it had even totally completed downloading.

As an NFL beginner, Reed wandered into the Washington coaching room and noticed a veteran operating again rehabbing turf toe by choosing marbles off the ground along with his toes. Though it seemed foolish, the poor man was sweating bullets, his jaw was clenched shut and his face was twisted by ache.

“What are you doing?” Reed laughed.

“Man, I received turf toe,” the again replied. “This sucks. Belief me: do-not-get-this.”

“I used to be like, ‘rattling,'” Reed says now. “The very first thing I assumed was my ft are all the pieces. My ft are why I am right here. If one thing ever occurs to my ft, I am completed.”


BESIDES BEING FORCED to play the strangest sport of marbles ever invented, gentle and average instances of turf toe depart gamers within the worst form of no-man’s-land: caught someplace between harm sufficient to considerably diminish their efficiency however not injured sufficient to utterly sit out. By the top of the season, their nerves are fried, their Madden ranking has plummeted and the within of their sesamoid complicated (Anderson has the photographs) seems to be like uncooked hamburger meat. Coping with persistent turf toe, Reed says, “despatched me right into a melancholy and it takes away your confidence and who you’re and that was devastating for my profession.” Fairly than depend on opioids to take care of the fixed ache, Reed turned to acupuncture, hours of bodily remedy each evening and hashish, which impressed his post-football profession as an investor and advocate for the marijuana business.

Preventative taping, just like what trainers do with ankles, would assist, however gamers discover it too proscribing. And whereas A.J. Inexperienced nonetheless blames the synthetic turf for his issues, Anderson says turf toe can happen on any floor. Earlier than the season began, Mahomes launched his first signature shoe, which incorporates his personal snazzy brand and is available in flashy neon inexperienced. They’re tremendous cool, little doubt, however what would actually assist cut back turf toe, Anderson says, is the $100 billion sports activities shoe business bothering to develop a cleat that will not hyperextend previous 50 levels or, higher but, will increase rigidity because the foot extends.

Till then, the one reward for guys who play via the ache of turf toe is an extra laundry listing of points attributable to overcompensating for his or her battered massive toe. After getting turf toe in his left foot, Reed tore his proper hamstring. He says the pace and elusiveness he misplaced due to turf toe additionally made him extra vulnerable to larger hits, which, in flip, led to the a number of concussions that pressured him into retirement. Lindsay’s turf toe damage in Denver final season was adopted by knee and hip issues. As an alternative of an enormous payday from the Broncos he signed a one-year take care of Houston. The Titans’ Hudson recovered from turf toe in camp, then harm his ankle. Jacobs’ turf toe was additionally adopted by an ankle damage. And within the playoffs, it is value noting that Mahomes suffered turf toe within the second quarter and a concussion within the third after getting dragged down from behind.

All of this distress extending from the large toe extracts a heavy toll on even the sport’s hardest gamers.

To today Lambert, the Steelers’ former snarling linebacker, stays a mainstay on nearly any all-time listing of both the NFL’s hardest, or finest, gamers, together with the NFL’s seventy fifth Anniversary All-Time Crew. And but turf toe was the one factor that ever managed to make him look even remotely mortal.

Lambert tore up his toe on the second play of the 1984 season inside Pittsburgh’s Three Rivers Stadium, the place the unforgiving enjoying floor was little greater than inexperienced carpet laid down over cement. As a result of it was “only a toe” Lambert even ignored pleas from Steelers proprietor Artwork Rooney Sr. himself to relaxation and rehab the damage and was ultimately placed on injured reserve.

Ten months later in July 1985, when Lambert, then 33, retired, he stated the toe nonetheless harm and he nonetheless could not push off of it. “It was completely debilitating, he could not run with out ache and he could not run very quick, and you could possibly simply see how very irritating it was for him,” stated Joe Gordon, the previous Steelers workforce spokesman. “It was unhappy as a result of he was such a fantastic participant and he had at the very least two to a few extra good years in his profession.”

In a ultimate, um, footnote on the subject of turf toe, it seems Lambert did not truly retire from sports activities altogether for an additional decade. Nonetheless in want of a bodily outlet, Lambert turned to hockey as a result of the skates protected and immobilized his toe and, effectively, his entrance tooth have been already gone. Finally, Lambert received adequate to carry his personal in common pickup hockey video games towards members of the Pittsburgh Penguins group.

Lambert even confessed that if he needed to do it another time, he would possibly’ve handed on soccer altogether.

In spite of everything, there is no turf toe in hockey.

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